Vrf Route Leaking Bgp

13 #4: Modify the Tunnel interface to “stitch” the tunnel to the front door VRF. Appropriate route leaking will be performed to provide desired inter-VN connectivity. undo synchronization # ipv4-family vpn-instance test. 102, local AS number 65001 BGP table version is 12, IPv4 Unicast config peers 1, capable peers 1 5 network entries and 5 paths using 800 bytes of memory BGP attribute entries [5/720], BGP AS path entries [1/10] BGP community entries [0/0. Read the rest of this entry ». The purpose of VRF-lite is to extend the logical separation of two different networks from a MPLS network down to a single CE router, connected to both these networks. move all internet Routes to the CE1 table and use static routes to point back at the VRF with next-table from inet. EIGRP leak-map allows sub-networks in the summary address of EIGRP leaked. router ospf 1 vrf Edge_WAN_VRF log-adjacency-changes redistribute bgp 65000 subnets network 0. We then configure the other VRF (on PE1) to import routes that contain the route target. router bgp 65120 no synchronization bgp router-id 19. An RD is carried along with a route via MP-BGP when exchanging VPN routes with other PE routers. 0/22) to R1. It's not actually bug, but the fact that it works at all, is side-effect of optimization when route hits exactly 1 'show bgp targets' entry. Konfigurasi routing BGP pada PE1 dan PE2, lalu redistribute ke BGP yg sudah dikonfigurasi sebelumnya. Explicit/Dynamic Route; Routint Options: PBR, Static route, Autoroute; Cisco Forwarding Adjacency over TE tunnel; Inter-Area TE; MPLS TE with L3/L2 VPN PE-PE Tunnels; PE-P, P-P Tunnels & LSP recovery; Unequal-Cost Load-Balancing; L3/L2 VPN L3 VPN VRF & RD Controlling Route Import/Export; VRF Lite; VRF Select & Route-Map VRF selection; MP-BGP. 3) or an Autonomous System Border Router (ASBR) for an inter-provider VPN (see Section 10), should not install a VPN-IPv4 route unless it has at least one VRF with an Import Target identical to one of the route's Route Target attributes. Mała Uwaga. It’s impossible to send traffic from RED to BLUE or vice versa. R1#show ip route vrf red Routing Table: red Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type. On PE2 under BGP VRF ABC address family, add the bgp redistribute-internalcommand. 0/30 is in a VRF called ROUTELEAK and 10. CSCuy40894. This will add a routing table entry into VRF red for destination 192. Each VRF can be assigned one or more Layer 3 interfaces on a router to be part of the VRF. 3 update-source Loopback0 ! address-family vpnv4 neighbor 10. 25 software version of RouterOS. router bgp 65000. 0/24 interface vlan210 ! ip route vrf Tenant03_VRF 192. - Adding peer to peer-group does not inherit all the peer-group attributes. Even though we won’t be configuring any BGP peerings or anything, we need to use BGP to share these routes. 41 next-hop-self exit-address-family. 0 GigabitEthernet0/0 192. Provider uses BGP AS number 64501. now the rest of your design is wrong, see this type of route leaking is meant to be for CE-MULTI-VRF (VRF-LITE) in this case its your CE1 , if you are learning anything from the PE that should be either only from Global RIB to vrf VPN_A otherwise you should be running BGP VPNv4 between your PE and learning that. With GRES and NSR enabled, if executing RE switchover, BGP session might flap in some scenario. 0 area 0 exit ! mpls label proto ldp mpls ldp router-id lo0 force ! router bgp 65000. This course will cover configuring, verifying, and troubleshooting IPv4 and IPv6 advanced OSPF and IS-IS configuration, BGP configuration, using Cisco IOS-XR RPL to implement routing policies, and implementing high availability routing supporting a service provider network. Inter-VRF Route Leaking. 0 (July 2018) • PIM Multicast Trace [draft-ietf-idmr-traceroute-ipm] • IS-IS 3-way Handshake [RFC5303] • BGP VPN-VRF route leaking per [RFC4364] • BGP VRF with NETNS backend • New Policy Based Routing Daemon. CSCuz21061. 1" set soft-reconfiguration enable set remote-as 11 set update-source "port1" next edit "172. 4 VRF info: (vrf in name/id, vrf out name/id) Hasilnya pada BGP route di Router R1, muncul 2 jalur next hop. 0/24 from VRF20 to VRF10. We will spend time configuring a fusion router device to BGP peer with a Border node for each VN. BGP summary information for VRF SDDC:NSX-T, address family IPv4 Unicast BGP router identifier 10. As we’ve covered in many past reports, BGB incidents can have a wide-reaching impact on the reachability of services over the Internet. Let’s see how!. VRF route leaking with MP-BGP comes handy to manipulate traffic segmentation. 0(1)M advanced enterprise services in GNS3. Hello, I have a problem with setting vrf on 6850E. I really appreciate it. Each VRF maintains unique routing and forwarding tables. The 64bit RD is made up of two 32bit vaules. 0 ! ip route vrf Mgmt-intf 0. , copied) between a unicast VRF RIB and the VPN safi RIB of the default VRF (leaking is also permitted between the unicast RIB of the default VRF and VPN). Now for the BGP VRF configuration, here is the fun part 🙂 router bgp 22061 address-family ipv4 vrf Green bgp router-id 198. We will spend time configuring a fusion router device to BGP peer with a Border node for each VN. One way is to use MP-BGP to leak routes from one VRF to another. Route-Target Filtering RRs & Scalability Issues. If your networking hardware supports VRFs (Virtual Routing and Forwarding), you may be able to “split” your router in two, and peer Calico and MetalLB to separate halves of the same router. You can route multiple address families (VRFs) in a single BGP process, and configure per-VRF neighbors to peer with spine switches. Common application for this is, one company wants to connect to another company’s servers and they happen to be connected to the same MPLS provider. 1 remote-as 65000 neighbor 19. ip vrf Cust1SiteB rd 123:100 route-target export 123:100 route-target import 123:100 ! interface loopback0 ip address 10. #route-map RM_ACL_ANY. With the configuration above, both customers are only able to communicate with their own sites. Ios xr vrf leaking. MTCINE is a high-level certification program designed to identify and serve the best of the internetworking experts and to improve your hands-on skills. 0 duplex auto speed auto no clns route-cache! interface FastEthernet2/1 no ip address shutdown duplex auto speed auto no clns route-cache! router bgp 1 no synchronization bgp log-neighbor-changes no auto-summary ! address-family ipv4 vrf CE2. All we did is “stitch” them together. router bgp 65120 no synchronization bgp router-id 19. VRF Connectivity Testing Tools 495. This is the address-family where route-leaking can be performed. Scaling with MPLS is easy, all we have to do is bring up another interface get it in the right VRF and BGP. Routes in VRF table can be leaked to Global routing table and traffic communication is possible. 1:123456 ?. move all internet Routes to the CE1 table and use static routes to point back at the VRF with next-table from inet. Actually, the Cross-VRF interface name chosen must be equal to the target VR the interface is connected to. router crashes after %BGP-6-BIGCHUNK + SNMP query. 1 ISP(config)#ip route vrf RED 3. copied) between a unicast VRF RIB and the VPN SAFI RIB of the default VRF for use in MPLS-based L3VPNs. ORF Communities & Partitioning. Bgp route import and export Bgp route import and export. Solution accesses VMware locally and reset. Lesson 7: Configuring BGP as the Routing Protocol Between PE and CE Routers. Understanding Virtual Routing and Forwarding Tables, Understanding VRF Localization in Layer 3 VPNs, Maximizing VPN Routes Using VRF Localization for Layer 3 VPNs, Example: Improving Scalability Using VRF Localization for Layer 3 VPNs, Configuring a Label Allocation and Substitution Policy for VPNs. Configure the BGP VRF leak: config router bgp set as 44 set router-id 4. I`m trying to import (leak) a connected interface (loopback for example - 10. To stop leakage of static routes –. First thing to do – set management interface IP address and default gateway: interface GigabitEthernet0 vrf forwarding Mgmt-intf ip address 192. Router PE1. It's not actually bug, but the fact that it works at all, is side-effect of optimization when route hits exactly 1 'show bgp targets' entry. Then, instead of advertising the default route out of the first VRF, like we did in the “easy” method, what we’ll do is export the default route from the first VRF to the second VRF, which will give us a new VRF with just one single route in it: the default route, pointing to the hub CPE. Leaking Routes with MP-BGP Lab Topology. Static VRF route leak; Dynamic VRF route leak. 2/32 is not a BGP route; it is an OSPF route. now the rest of your design is wrong, see this type of route leaking is meant to be for CE-MULTI-VRF (VRF-LITE) in this case its your CE1 , if you are learning anything from the PE that should be either only from Global RIB to vrf VPN_A otherwise you should be running BGP VPNv4 between your PE and learning that. 255 GigabitEthernet0/0 10. // using Rd and rt values leak it to mp bgp (other vrfs) and then redistribute to other dynamic routing protocols in that vrf. RFC 2547b is an extension to the original RFC 2547, BGP/MPLS VPNs, which details a method of distributing routing information using BGP and MPLS forwarding data to provide a Layer 3 Virtual Private Network (VPN) service to end customers. ip route vrf A 0. The other is with traffic hair-pinning. On the London VRF I have exported a route-target with the value of 65001:1. Ios xr vrf leaking. Lab 118 - BGP Conditional Route Advertisement Part 1 Lab 119 - BGP Conditional Route Injection Lab 120 - BGP Default Route Advertisement Lab 121 - BGP Conditional Route Advertisement Part 2 Lab 122 - BGP AS-Path Access-List Lab 123 - BGP Local-AS Lab 124 - BGP Local-AS No-prepend Lab 125 - BGP Local-AS No-prepend Replace-AS. BGP Configuration for VPNv4 and PE-CE Prefixes 497. Here is the output:Also, I am running System image file is "flash:/c2800nm-adventerprisek9_ivs-mz. What if you want to share routes? There are two ways to do this. Step by step to perform inter VRF-Lite or VRF route leaking from other VRF or Global routing table itself. 2 VRF lite 特性应用 图 6 中各路由器的配置如下 CE 的配置: 的配置: # sysname CE # ip vpn-instance MRT route-distinguisher 100:1 vpn-target 100:1 export-extcommunity vpn-target 100:1 import-extcommunity # ip vpn-instance RD route-distinguisher 200:1 vpn. Allows for route-leaking. VRF LEAKING (routage interVRF) Nous avons deux façons de le mettre en place En utilisant le routage statique ou en utilisant le protocole BGP, Pour la beauté j’ai un petit kiff pour BGP. We’ve setup an internal BGP session within AS 65001 between the GRT and VRF and an external session with neighbor autonomous system B (AS 65002): router bgp 65001 bgp router-id vrf auto-assign. 1” (note that the route is on the ivrf routing table but points to an interface of the fvrf) interfaces in their respective VRF; proper routes in each VRF #. Router PE1. Hi Guys , I got stuck in a situation where we need to take the Routes from OSPF VRF process to OPSF global via MPLS backbone to reach other networks across MPLS. systems in the VRF must also reach directly connected networks in the GRT; there is no BGP information about directly connected networks in the GRT, therefore VRF route leaking with BGP is not an option; no extra routers can be used; no additional ports can be used; GRE tunnels came to the rescue :-). Inbound filtering should be used to cause such. This config will introduce route leak on R1 from VRF DEF to VRF ABC. ORF Communities & Partitioning. The object of the lab is to leak routes between inet. 1 ip route vrf VRF-2 192. Route leaking between VRFs. 3 Im going to base this off my VRF Setup and Route leaking article and continue building on top of it. Route Leaking Process Using import and export maps S WWW Monitoring Server Gi0/1 (VRF_A) MPLS ASN 123 VPNV4 BGP NEIGHBOR VPNV4 BGP NEIGHBOR VRF Label exchanged over BGP vrf 123:1 is not configured on this PE LDP exchanges next hop labels S Gi0/1 (VRF-B) Host PE1#sh ip route vrf VRF-A 172. this is VRF leaking in action: traffic from VRF right is explicitly forced to go out of an interface in VRF left via a path in the routing table. 254 vrf red nexthop-vrf default. Here is an example. Configure the BGP VRF leak: config router bgp set as 44 set router-id 4. Then, instead of advertising the default route out of the first VRF, like we did in the “easy” method, what we’ll do is export the default route from the first VRF to the second VRF, which will give us a new VRF with just one single route in it: the default route, pointing to the hub CPE. What if you want to share routes? There are two ways to do this. It still did not work. With the configuration above, both customers are only able to communicate with their own sites. How to configure SDA Fabric Inter-VRF and External Connection (Part 1). IOS XR BGP Configuration for MPLS L3VPN 499. 1” (note that the route is on the ivrf routing table but points to an interface of the fvrf). As its name implies, a route distinguisher (RD) distinguishes one set of routes (one VRF) from another. If I want London routes to then be leaked into another VRF, all I have to do is import this route target on the VRF; like I did on Manchester and Newcastle. At this point the routes for both VRF's are in both VRF's local routing tables. Now that our. It seems BGP is yet again the right answer. We think vrf as independent router or routing table in a physical router. This is achieved by configuring route-leaking between the VRF routing-instances on the core MX. Read the rest of this entry ». Route leaking is also supported across VRF Instances using. All other routes are in table inet. This configuration now reads - if the prefix-list matches a route within the routing table for the given VRF, then redistribute the route into BGP, affixing the route target to the route. Exemple de mise en oeuvre de Vrf Lite (sans RD) 8 - Document Cisco sur les Fuites de routes (Route Leaking) Dans les réseaux Mpls/Vpn (Cf MP-BGP) 9 - BGP - Cybersécurité et Bgp. We used the below Solution. The Multi-VRF CE architecture uses the VRF concept to support multiple overlapping and independent routing tables (and forwarding tables) per customer and is not a feature but an application based on VRF implementation. 13 #4: Modify the Tunnel interface to “stitch” the tunnel to the front door VRF. Prefixes from many VRF’s can be added into BGP. #route-map RM_ACL_ANY. router-id 1. One of the commands (ip vrf select source) is not available (maybe I do not have the right IOS)and for the other command it asks me to enable policy routing first. set routing-options rib-groups group2 import-rib GreyVRF. This course will cover configuring, verifying, and troubleshooting IPv4 and IPv6 advanced OSPF and IS-IS configuration, BGP configuration, using Cisco IOS-XR RPL to implement routing policies, and implementing high availability routing supporting a service provider network. now the rest of your design is wrong, see this type of route leaking is meant to be for CE-MULTI-VRF (VRF-LITE) in this case its your CE1 , if you are learning anything from the PE that should be either only from Global RIB to vrf VPN_A otherwise you should be running BGP VPNv4 between your PE and learning that. This happens because there is no physical link between the two VRFs (which are like two separate routers). Each VRF can be configured with IPv4 address family, IPv6 address family, or both. Tracing the route to 8. A BGP Message TLV MUST also occur in the TLV list. Configure the BGP VRF leak: config router bgp set as 44 set router-id 4. 0/24 going via the default VRF. address-family ipv4 vrf bca. , copied) between a unicast VRF RIB and the VPN safi RIB of the default VRF (leaking is also permitted between the unicast RIB of the default VRF and VPN). This feature is actually a MP-BGP extended community. Traffic toward the zone enters the chassis in VRF BLUE. This is the address-family where route-leaking can be performed. The route-target community is the extended BGP community that signifies what VPN membership the routes have. Similarly, route targets are assigned to virtual networks. 1" set soft-reconfiguration enable set remote-as 22 set update-source "port3" next end config vrf-leak edit "10" config target edit "20. (Optional) Configure the router to generate a label for each different FEC pointed to by a BGP route in. import ipv4 unicast map RM_ACL_ANY. All other sites dynamically learn the routes. There is no route leaking between default VRF and front-door VRF, so it looks like they are an independent component, that does not have any relationship between each other. 3 Isn’t it that before MP-BGP leaking routes between VRFs, the VRF itself dose not know. Explicit/Dynamic Route; Routint Options: PBR, Static route, Autoroute; Cisco Forwarding Adjacency over TE tunnel; Inter-Area TE; MPLS TE with L3/L2 VPN PE-PE Tunnels; PE-P, P-P Tunnels & LSP recovery; Unequal-Cost Load-Balancing; L3/L2 VPN L3 VPN VRF & RD Controlling Route Import/Export; VRF Lite; VRF Select & Route-Map VRF selection; MP-BGP. Please see the BGP VRFs section in the BGP section of the online manual. 3 remot 2345 nei 3. Hello, I have a problem with setting vrf on 6850E. With the configuration above, both customers are only able to communicate with their own sites. 102, local AS number 65001 BGP table version is 12, IPv4 Unicast config peers 1, capable peers 1 5 network entries and 5 paths using 800 bytes of memory BGP attribute entries [5/720], BGP AS path entries [1/10] BGP community entries [0/0. BGP is used to leak routes between VRF. CSCuw99632. Route Leaking Process Using import and export maps S WWW Monitoring Server Gi0/1 (VRF_A) MPLS ASN 123 VPNV4 BGP NEIGHBOR VPNV4 BGP NEIGHBOR VRF Label exchanged over BGP vrf 123:1 is not configured on this PE LDP exchanges next hop labels S Gi0/1 (VRF-B) Host PE1#sh ip route vrf VRF-A 172. A method of managing virtual routing forwarding (VRF) tables at a provider edge PE router of a L3 virtual private network (VPN) is provided. We can leverage this Contrail native features to “smoothly” leak routes from one VN to another. 1 Inter-VRF Local Route Leaking using BGP VPN. 7206 running 15. Drugim wariatem na “wirtualizację” jest tworzenie tzw. Hi Anton, You are importing the default to the vrf VPN_A that i see (see below#1). router bgp 2345 bgp router-id 2. VRF Lite supports route leaking by using static routes and routing through the global routing table or by using MP-BGP (Multiprotocol BGP). IOS BGP Configuration for MPLS L3VPN 497. For each VRF you want define the name and interfaces to belong to that VRF The route distinguishers are used to identify the VRF throughout the routing tables and allow the likes of BGP to advertise out the instances to other nodes. VRF ConfigIn the Route List: Here we define the VRF’s. Two VRF-capable routers must be directly connected at Layer 3, deploying BGP, OSPF, RIP, or static routes. The routes from R2 are not being propagated out to R1 & R3. This will add a routing table entry into VRF red for destination 192. bgp router-id 10. 2 via lt-1/2/0. The purpose of vrf is to run different routing table in one physical router. So, I was asked to investigate if it was possible for our firewalls to be NTP clients to a NTP server via the master instance and also be able to act as a NTP server to attached clients within a routing. This is ok, expect the route you want to install (213. y leak-map Example R2 will advertise summary address (192. tests: Adding verification APIs for bgp route-maps and community-lists; tests: Add API to shut/noshut router interface; tests: Add bgp route-map test cases; zebra: if_is_loopback_or_vrf crash if if_lookup_by_index return NULL; bgpd: Accept no aggregate-address route-map commands. 2) If EVN is implemented, route replication is supported directly by the RIB; there is no dependency on BGP. so only same vrf interface can communicate in one router. // using Rd and rt values leak it to mp bgp (other vrfs) and then redistribute to other dynamic routing protocols in that vrf. Either redistribute the connected subnets into BGP or inject the specific subnet into BGP in the source VRF. 10/32 *[Static/5] 00:11:22 > to 10. Leak all. Hi Laurent,Thanks for the reply. The problem is that R1 wants to be able to talk to R4 over in the other VRF and visa versa. ip vrf BLUE rd 1:1 route-target export 1:1 route-target import 1:1 route-target import 1:2 ip vrf RED rd 1:2 route-target export 1:2 route-target import 1:2 route-target import 1:1 Next step is to configure the interfaces in the appropriate VRFs. We’ve setup an internal BGP session within AS 65001 between the GRT and VRF and an external session with neighbor autonomous system B (AS 65002): router bgp 65001 bgp router-id vrf auto-assign. The maximum number of active BGP peers supported on a Nexus 5600 with Nexus OS 7. 100 is activated on the AGM, causing the RHI route to be generated in the global routing table as static route and redistributed into the global instance of BGP. MP-BGP need not be implemented to meet the requirement. VRF Route Leaking¶ BGP routes may be leaked (i. The first part is the configuration of the vrf routing-instance. Configure an IGP on the VRF to learn routes from the CE router. The different techniques of route-leaking will be discussed in. I am lazy, so redistribution it is. First thing to do – set management interface IP address and default gateway: interface GigabitEthernet0 vrf forwarding Mgmt-intf ip address 192. But I will not stop there. 0(1)M advanced enterprise services in GNS3. The current revision is CCIE Service Provider v4. VRF route leaking with MP-BGP comes handy to manipulate traffic segmentation. 3 update-source Loopback0 ! address-family vpnv4 neighbor 10. Each VRF can be configured with IPv4 address family, IPv6 address family, or both. Viewers will learn how to configure and verify this VPRN based Internet access approach on a Nokia Service Router. VRF Lite supports route leaking by using static routes and routing through the global routing table or by using MP-BGP (Multiprotocol BGP). 255 GigabitEthernet0/0 10. #route-map RM_ACL_ANY. Leaking Routes with MP-BGP Lab Topology. if you use "route-map OSPF->BGP permit 10" with access-list OSPF_Redist's entries "deny ip host 10. In a previous lab I was able to route VRF's into the GRT by using redistribute connected in BGP, then using a static route for last. This is mentioned in my general comment too, but in addition, this won't work for VRF-route-leaking because the route exported from (one) VRF to the VPN table is of type ZEBRA_ROUTE_BGP_VPN and this check will prevent it being imported into another VRF - unless I misunderstood. It's not actually bug, but the fact that it works at all, is side-effect of optimization when route hits exactly 1 'show bgp targets' entry. Isolation between customers Customer-specific routing tables (VRF tables) are used on the edge routers. This is the simplest way to configure inter VRF routing or route leaking. Allow users to create and specify policy maps for controlling routing. Jedną z różnic jaką znalazłem pomiędzy Cisco a Huawei to, że nie możemy robić exportu i importu tzw. Domain-ID Sham-Links VRF Lite Capability. address-family; ip|ipv6 vrf; IPv6 route source interface; ip route interface; rd; redistribute; route-target; router bgp; router bgp vrf; show bgp vpn unicast; show bgp info vrf; show ip route vrf; show ipv6 route vrf; vrf; Policy. 41 activate neighbor 198. copied) between a unicast VRF RIB and the VPN SAFI RIB of the default VRF for use in MPLS-based L3VPNs. Allows for route-leaking. This course covers the Cisco IOS, IOS-XE and. Configure CE Routers - IOS. 6 passive-interface default no passive-interface fa1/0 network 10. Building service chaining with IP routing reduces development cost on both planes and make network management easy. In any version of code (not 1. It is necessary to filter your route leaking to make sure that only non-overlapping addresses are leaked, and it is important to make sure that one VRF doesn't have access to routes of another VRF. 0/0 vrf Global 1!. VRF also is used mainly with BGP and MPLS to provide aggregated services to customers, and one more thing I have to point is that (in MikroTik) VRF doesn't isolate traffic going towards the router (input), you can get traffic from a VRF interface that points to an IP of the router that's set within the main table and the router will reply, so. Open, Requires assessment Public FEATURE REQUEST. VRF Route Leaking¶ BGP routes may be leaked (i. route-target specifies a BGP community that will be used to automatically tag that VRF's routes on export and import them to that VRF on import from inet-vpn (MPLS L3VPN) BGP sessions. In fact, we’ll only use one router. I will show here how to do inter VRFs routing within the same router using BGP and route-target export-import. I can see VRF B routes in VRF C except VRF A routes, if I remove direct VRF leak between A & C. This EPG could be an internal EPG or another External EPG. Now we hope different vrf in one router can communicate. All other routes are in table inet. flap-statistics. 's Conditions: The problem is triggered when interface in source VRF is shut/no shut (other race conditions possible). An AS loop is detected for the BGP route. Inbound filtering should be used to cause such. We’ve setup an internal BGP session within AS 65001 between the GRT and VRF and an external session with neighbor autonomous system B (AS 65002): router bgp 65001 bgp router-id vrf auto-assign. 0/24 interface vlan210 ! ip route vrf Tenant03_VRF 192. ) All the new configuration will be done on the PE-S router. router-id 13. See full list on wiki. 1 The following features were supported • BGP VRF Dynamic Route Leaking The label-allocation-mode command is renamed the label mode command. See Example: Configuring PE-to-CE BGP Sessions for information about configuring EBGP. com 1-855-MIKROTIK. Totally get this where there is a core switch that can be used to exchange the vrf routes via BGP. The particular thing about this is to switch between global routing table and vrf RED table These steps are for R2: 1) Set the policy based routing for the interface inside OSPF área 0 ip policy route-map FROMVRF2GLOBAL 2)Set the policy based routing for the interface inside BGP área ip policy route-map FROMGLOBAL2VRF. I removed the previous ipv4 unicast map configurations and put in the static route: ip route vrf Computers 0. 1 soft-reconfiguration inbound no auto-summary ! ip forward-protocol nd ip route 10. This config will introduce route leak on R1 from VRF DEF to VRF ABC. At any particular edge router, one VRF routing table is associated with each site connected to that router, and entries from one VRF table do not leak to another, unless explicitly configured to do so. One or more logical or physical interfaces may have a VRF and these VRFs do not share routes therefore the packets are only forwarded between interfaces on the. (I simulate the Shared Service network with a /24 Loopback. #route-map RM_ACL_ANY. Displaying matches 1 through 20. This CCIE Service Provider Advanced Technologies Class v3 course provides a comprehensive look at the advanced technologies covered in the CCIE Service Provider v3. Route leaking is also supported across VRF Instances using. 248 neighbor 19. That’s by far the simplest, just keep an eye on your RAM. Ios xr vrf leaking. To accomplish this, a PE that originates a (unicast) route to VPN-IP addresses includes in the BGP updates message that carries this route the VRF route import extended community that has the value of the c-multicast import RT of the VRF associated with the route, except if it is known a priori that none of these addresses will act as multicast. 2 via lt-1/2/0. This is going to be a simple lab. The current revision is CCIE Service Provider v4. import ipv4 unicast map RM_ACL_ANY. 0/24 routes. 0: 8 destinations, 8 routes (8 active, 0 holddown, 0 hidden) + = Active Route, – = Last Active, * = Both 10. This vulnerability exists whenever an affected PE device has a BGP session running in the MPLS VPN Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF). Additionally we will be able to mpls. Either you advertise it in BGP via network command or by redistribution command. 1 interface vlan25. 0/24 interface vlan201 ! ip route vrf Tenant02_VRF 172. Building service chaining with IP routing reduces development cost on both planes and make network management easy. The last parts of this puzzle are router virtualization and MP-BGP. (To view the BGP routes for only a specific VRF, use the commandshow ip bgp vpnv4 vrf. address-family ipv4 vrf CUSTOMER-A redistribute connected redistribute static exit-address-family R2# R6#sh run | sec router bgp router bgp 1000 bgp router-id 6. The command route-target will allow us to import and export based on the RD assigned to a given network. [email protected]> show route advertising-protocol bgp 1. Scaling with MPLS is easy, all we have to do is bring up another interface get it in the right VRF and BGP. • Static VRF route leaking • OSPFv2 Segment Routing ‣ 5. I've been able to filter out the subnets I want for both VRFs and I can see all routes I'm filtering on my BGP table for both VRF RTs. By [email protected][email protected]. The first part is the configuration of the vrf routing-instance. This video describes how Internet access can be provided to CEs by leaking routes between the virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) table and the global route table (GRT). Configure the BGP VRF leak: config router bgp set as 44 set router-id 4. At any particular edge router, one VRF routing table is associated with each site connected to that router, and entries from one VRF table do not leak to another, unless explicitly configured to do so. 关于 BGP 和 MPLS 的配置,请参考操作手册和命令手册 4. Correct, the purpose of the route leaking is to allow the Computers VRF to communicate with the 192. 0 blueprint. Configuration for management in vrf is a bit tricky. Verification of BGP Sessions and Routes 502. In VRF Route Leaking, the goal is to bring an IP route from one VRF and transport or leak it, into a different VRF. BGP VRF Dynamic Route Leaking. Leaking Routes with MP-BGP Lab Topology. The maximum number of active BGP peers supported on a Nexus 5600 with Nexus OS 7. 's Conditions: The problem is triggered when interface in source VRF is shut/no shut (other race conditions possible). It is there so you can just specify the RT on the VRF on each router, and routes will magically be shared over the L3VPN session with the correct VRFs on both sides. Think of this as a variation in "central services" VPN where a CE is already learning the routes it needs to and can propagate any additional routes by simply importing the route(s) into that VRF. import ipv4 unicast map RM_ACL_ANY. This is the simplest way to configure inter VRF routing or route leaking. This is an interesting topic, but is beyond the scope of this article. VRF also is used mainly with BGP and MPLS to provide aggregated services to customers, and one more thing I have to point is that (in MikroTik) VRF doesn't isolate traffic going towards the router (input), you can get traffic from a VRF interface that points to an IP of the router that's set within the main table and the router will reply, so. 0 GigabitEthernet0/0 192. 2 update-source Loopback0 neighbor 5. router ospf 1 vrf Edge_WAN_VRF log-adjacency-changes redistribute bgp 65000 subnets network 0. 1" set soft-reconfiguration enable set remote-as 11 set update-source "port1" next edit "172. Additionally we will be able to mpls. The Implementing Cisco MPLS (MPLS) v3. Route leaking from VRF to Global on same router with VLAN interface - Cisco Support Community GRT/exprtr1 ip route 10. Now for the BGP VRF configuration, here is the fun part 🙂 router bgp 22061 address-family ipv4 vrf Green bgp router-id 198. Bgp route import and export Bgp route import and export. I will add import map and export map. The route-target is a way of leaking routes between VRFs. To leak route between BGP IPv4 global routing table and any VRF table use this : NOTE : this is only valid for BGP routes in routing table, not for other IGP routes! #access-l 1 perm any. We need to redistribute the routes from BGP-->EIGRP. Each VRF maintains unique routing and forwarding tables. On PE2 under BGP VRF ABC address family, add the bgp redistribute-internalcommand. PE-CE Routing. Na wstępie trzeba powiedzieć że na platformie Huwaei VRF nazywamy vpn-instance. A method of managing virtual routing forwarding (VRF) tables at a provider edge PE router of a L3 virtual private network (VPN) is provided. Each VRF can be assigned one or more Layer 3 interfaces on a router to be part of the VRF. VRF Lite/Inter-AS Option A 192 LISP 195 MPLS Layer 3 VPN (L3VPN) 200 External Layer 2 Connectivity 203 Classic Ethernet and vPC 204 Extranet and Shared Services 206 Local/Distributed VRF Route Leaking 207 Downstream VNI Assignment 210 Summary 212 Reference 212 Chapter 9 Multi-Pod, Multifabric, and Data Center Interconnect (DCI) 213. router-id 13. Displaying matches 1 through 20. 41 activate neighbor 198. 254 Then we need to enable…. Search Parameters: CPE Product Version: cpe:/h:cisco:nexus_9516:- There are 76 matching records. Configuration for management in vrf is a bit tricky. There are two ways to name your RD: rd [ASN]:[Number]. It's not actually bug, but the fact that it works at all, is side-effect of optimization when route hits exactly 1 'show bgp targets' entry. All other sites dynamically learn the routes. I removed the previous ipv4 unicast map configurations and put in the static route: ip route vrf Computers 0. All other routes are in table inet. This is done by using routing filters and the method of filtering outgoing VRF routes added by the 3. It is necessary to filter your route leaking to make sure that only non-overlapping addresses are leaked, and it is important to make sure that one VRF doesn't have access to routes of another VRF. Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Configuration Guide, Release 5. MTCINE is a high-level certification program designed to identify and serve the best of the internetworking experts and to improve your hands-on skills. add vpnv4 un nei 3. Route Leaking between Global and VRF table: Static Route & Policy-Based Routing; Route Leaking between VRFs: Static Routing; Route Leaking between VRFs: GRE Tunnel; Route Leaking between VRFs: MP-BGP; We will be working with the following setup. 0/24 going via the default VRF. ISIS Route Leaking BGP Tracing the route to 4. I`m trying to import (leak) a connected interface (loopback for example - 10. Domain-ID Sham-Links VRF Lite Capability. Edit Task; Unspecified (possibly destroys the router) Related Objects. This video describes how Internet access can be provided to CEs by leaking routes between the virtual routing and forwarding (VRF) table and the global route table (GRT). Filtering/BGP Community/ Inter VRF Route leak Product: Cisco ASR903. Extended Communities. At any particular edge router, one VRF routing table is associated with each site connected to that router, and entries from one VRF table do not leak to another, unless explicitly configured to do so. Search Parameters: CPE Product Version: cpe:/h:cisco:nexus_9516:- There are 76 matching records. As you can see we did NOT move the Tunnel11 interface from the global routing table to the routing table for VRF Pipe. Incorrect prefix count upon clearing bgp peering. I think the tag in the following commands is the same one you're referrign to with you're route-map. 6 bgp log-neighbor-changes neighbor 2. Additionally we will be able to mpls. router os 16. Exporting an RT means, that the exported vpnv4 route receives an additional BGP extended community, this is the RT, when the route is redistributed from the vrf routing table into MP-bgp. Cisco ASR 9000 Series Aggregation Services Router Routing Configuration Guide, Release 5. VRF Lite/Inter-AS Option A 192 LISP 195 MPLS Layer 3 VPN (L3VPN) 200 External Layer 2 Connectivity 203 Classic Ethernet and vPC 204 Extranet and Shared Services 206 Local/Distributed VRF Route Leaking 207 Downstream VNI Assignment 210 Summary 212 Reference 212 Chapter 9 Multi-Pod, Multifabric, and Data Center Interconnect (DCI) 213. It still did not work. 3 update-source Loopback0 ! address-family vpnv4 neighbor 10. IOS XR BGP Configuration for MPLS L3VPN 499. route-target specifies a BGP community that will be used to automatically tag that VRF's routes on export and import them to that VRF on import from inet-vpn (MPLS L3VPN) BGP sessions. There are two options to achieve this: Static Routes; MP-BGP; In this lesson, I’ll show you how to configure both options. Hi Viwers, redistribute bgp 100 subnets! router ospf 20 vrf LAB2 redistribute bgp 100 subnets! Now you can see the BGP table of R2:. 0/24 interface vlan200 ip route vrf Tenant01_VRF 10. The purpose of vrf is to run different routing table in one physical router. no router ospf 100. So when you do a "show ip bgp" and if a route that you want to import into VRF is not in the bgp table it will not be imported into the VRF routing table. address-family; ip|ipv6 vrf; IPv6 route source interface; ip route interface; rd; redistribute; route-target; router bgp; router bgp vrf; show bgp vpn unicast; show bgp info vrf; show ip route vrf; show ipv6 route vrf; vrf; Policy. 1/32 *[Local/0] 00:01:52 Local via lt-1/2/0. Mise en Oeuvre d'. Inter-VRF local route leaking allows the user to export and import routes from one VRF to another on the same device. Router PE2 installs this route into the VRF Customer1 as it has configured RT 64501:1 (not shown). ISIS Route Leaking BGP Tracing the route to 4. 3) or an Autonomous System Border Router (ASBR) for an inter-provider VPN (see Section 10), should not install a VPN-IPv4 route unless it has at least one VRF with an Import Target identical to one of the route's Route Target attributes. 0 which will not really scale beyond a single l3vpn. v:2 t:1 l:48. PE-CE Routing. Here is the output:Also, I am running System image file is "flash:/c2800nm-adventerprisek9_ivs-mz. It's called VRF-lite because it is done without running MPLS (LDP/TDP) or MP-BGP between the PE and CE. It’s impossible to send traffic from RED to BLUE or vice versa. This will add a routing table entry into VRF red for destination 192. Juniper vrf Juniper vrf. 6 bgp log-neighbor-changes neighbor 2. 3 Im going to base this off my VRF Setup and Route leaking article and continue building on top of it. Leak all. I am lazy, so redistribution it is. set routing-options rib-groups group2 import-rib GreyVRF. 1437837: The rpd process crash might be observed if leaking multi-pathed BGP routes from routing-instance to another routing table Product-Group=junos. VRF Route Leaking Using Static Route It is frequently asked question in VPN Routing and Forwarding that how to achieve inter VRF routing or route leaking without using MP-BGP or Dynamic routing. First thing to do – set management interface IP address and default gateway: interface GigabitEthernet0 vrf forwarding Mgmt-intf ip address 192. 2/32 is not a BGP route; it is an OSPF route. See Configuring the IGP in the VRF Context for examples. Thereafter for test my scenario I simple remove the INTERNET RT from CUST vrf and leak the default route in CUST vrf instead of vrf INTERNET. VPRN Service Overview. 39/24) is a longer match for the protocols next hop (213. VRF Select & Route-Map VRF selection. VRF RED uses route-target 1:1 to import and export its routes. Any routing protocol that is supported by normal VRF can be used in a Multi-lite VRF implementation. As always, things will get clearer with configuring this part: Just to confirm, at this point, I have everything configured as we left it off from the previous examples. Juniper vrf Juniper vrf. The RD is used to keep all prefixes in the BGP table unique, and the RT is used to transfer routes between VRF’s/VPNS. , copied) between a unicast VRF RIB and the VPN safi RIB of the default VRF (leaking is also permitted between the unicast RIB of the default VRF and VPN). It still did not work. ip vrf Cust1SiteB rd 123:100 route-target export 123:100 route-target import 123:100 ! interface loopback0 ip address 10. Appropriate route leaking will be performed to provide desired inter-VN connectivity. Prefixes from many VRF’s can be added into BGP. so only same vrf interface can communicate in one router. 1 ip route vrf VRF-2 192. if you use "route-map OSPF->BGP permit 10" with access-list OSPF_Redist's entries "deny ip host 10. Filtering/BGP Community/ Inter VRF Route leak Product: Cisco ASR903. It should really be "import bgp ipv4" because it does not import the main routing table, it only imports routes that are in the BGP table. • Static VRF route leaking • OSPFv2 Segment Routing ‣ 5. Configuration. 0 area 0 exit ! mpls label proto ldp mpls ldp router-id lo0 force ! router bgp 65000. 3 area 0! router ospf 2 vrf Newcastle redistribute bgp 1 subnets network 10. I am lazy, so redistribution it is. Actually, the Cross-VRF interface name chosen must be equal to the target VR the interface is connected to. One of the commonly used application of this route leaking feature between VRF is called FBF or filter based forwarding which is equivalent to the policy based routing feature in cisco. This is ok, expect the route you want to install (213. Jedną z różnic jaką znalazłem pomiędzy Cisco a Huawei to, że nie możemy robić exportu i importu tzw. Here is the output:Also, I am running System image file is "flash:/c2800nm-adventerprisek9_ivs-mz. Tracing the route to 8. The maximum number of active BGP peers supported on a Nexus 5600 with Nexus OS 7. According to cisco, though, at least in 12. In this example, interface npu0_vlink0 belongs to VRF 10 and is used to leak 1. now the rest of your design is wrong, see this type of route leaking is meant to be for CE-MULTI-VRF (VRF-LITE) in this case its your CE1 , if you are learning anything from the PE that should be either only from Global RIB to vrf VPN_A otherwise you should be running BGP VPNv4 between your PE and learning that. It is necessary to filter your route leaking to make sure that only non-overlapping addresses are leaked, and it is important to make sure that one VRF doesn't have access to routes of another VRF. router ospf 1 vrf london redistribute bgp 1 subnets network 10. ip vrf BLUE rd 1:1 route-target export 1:1 route-target import 1:1 route-target import 1:2 ip vrf RED rd 1:2 route-target export 1:2 route-target import 1:2 route-target import 1:1 Next step is to configure the interfaces in the appropriate VRFs. 0 ip os 16 a 0. There are two ways to name your RD: rd [ASN]:[Number]. 0 (3)I7 (x) View Bug Details in Bug Search Tool. The following two options relate to the leaking of subnets (routes) from the VRF in which the L3Out & External EPG are configured to another EPG (& VRF). 1 should be available in VRF B to apply firewall policies and do natting, then it has to be available with natted IP in VRF C. VR naming must meet the requirements of interface naming. 14 15 msec 28 msec 24 msec 3 192. I did it on CISCO and it works perfectly. Configure a PE-to-CE EBGP session. Each VRF can be assigned one or more Layer 3 interfaces on a router to be part of the VRF. BGP RR-Group & Partitioning. 3 next-hop-self. 1 password cisco123 neighbor 19. It is not possible to replicate routes to and from Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), but that is not an issue because the BGP import and export method of copying routes between Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF) is available in a virtual network. [email protected]> show route advertising-protocol bgp 1. 3) or an Autonomous System Border Router (ASBR) for an inter-provider VPN (see Section 10), should not install a VPN-IPv4 route unless it has at least one VRF with an Import Target identical to one of the route's Route Target attributes. The link between PE2 and CE2 will be via a VRF routing-instance “red”. Once a prefix has been prepended with the RD to make a 96bit address it becomes a vpn4 address that MP-BGP can use. Configure the BGP VRF leak: config router bgp set as 44 set router-id 4. Route Targets are applied or exported to prefixes and then injected into MP-BGP as an additional Path Attribute. 3 area 0! router ospf 3 vrf Manchester redistribute bgp 1 subnets network 10. Let’s look at an example of that. 2 via lt-1/2/0. VRF RED uses route-target 1:1 to import and export its routes. See full list on cisco. VRF1 will correctly import all of these, but it will also leak #2 to other VRFs in same PE having 'VRF-DEFAULT-IMPORT', it won't leak #1 or #3. The root task for VRF features. 102, local AS number 65001 BGP table version is 12, IPv4 Unicast config peers 1, capable peers 1 5 network entries and 5 paths using 800 bytes of memory BGP attribute entries [5/720], BGP AS path entries [1/10] BGP community entries [0/0. Given Route Added ip route vrf CUST 0. 10/32 *[Static/5] 00:11:22 > to 10. The purpose of VRF-lite is to extend the logical separation of two different networks from a MPLS network down to a single CE router, connected to both these networks. Different needs are present in translation cases. We will spend time configuring a fusion router device to BGP peer with a Border node for each VN. This is going to be a simple lab. 41 activate neighbor 198. Allows for route-leaking. This config will introduce route leak on R1 from VRF DEF to VRF ABC. Tracing the route to 8. 0/24 routes. The following two options relate to the leaking of subnets (routes) from the VRF in which the L3Out & External EPG are configured to another EPG (& VRF). 4 IS-IS interaction with BGP on PE When PE receives a VPN-IP route, it will convert the route back to IS-IS. We think vrf as independent router or routing table in a physical router. The different techniques of route-leaking will be discussed in. For each customer, we use a different VRF: VRF “RED” for Red1. Let’s see how!. RRI for route leaking (otherwise we don’t hit the crypto map) or a static route like “ip route vrf cust1-vrf 2. This section contains the following tasks:. What if you want to share routes? There are two ways to do this. We still cannot ping from R1 to R3 because they aren't aware of each other's networks. Best Practice: Avoid redistribution if you can. 2) If EVN is implemented, route replication is supported directly by the RIB; there is no dependency on BGP. This is the topology I will use: We have an ISP router that is connected to two customers. The particular thing about this is to switch between global routing table and vrf RED table These steps are for R2: 1) Set the policy based routing for the interface inside OSPF área 0 ip policy route-map FROMVRF2GLOBAL 2)Set the policy based routing for the interface inside BGP área ip policy route-map FROMGLOBAL2VRF. The command we use is "ip summary eigrp x. Another reason is P router doesn’t require MP-iBGP but for PE it is must. com 1-855-MIKROTIK. 1 should be available in VRF B to apply firewall policies and do natting, then it has to be available with natted IP in VRF C. EIGRP leak-map allows sub-networks in the summary address of EIGRP leaked. Now we hope different vrf in one router can communicate. This update to the course reflects the most-recent developments in network design and technologies, using real-world scenarios to help reinforce the learning of key objectives. 2 bgp log-neighbor-changes network 19. 2 update-source Loopback0 neighbor 5. So, I was asked to investigate if it was possible for our firewalls to be NTP clients to a NTP server via the master instance and also be able to act as a NTP server to attached clients within a routing. VRF also is used mainly with BGP and MPLS to provide aggregated services to customers, and one more thing I have to point is that (in MikroTik) VRF doesn't isolate traffic going towards the router (input), you can get traffic from a VRF interface that points to an IP of the router that's set within the main table and the router will reply, so. Configure CE Routers - IOS. See Configuring the IGP in the VRF Context for examples. It is possible to “leak” routes from one VRF into another. The problem is that R1 wants to be able to talk to R4 over in the other VRF and visa versa. 3 next-hop-self. 0/30 *[Direct/0] 00:11:23 > via lt-1/2/0. VRF route leaking needs to be added to CLI. It is a unique number prepended to each route within a VRF to identify it as belonging to that particular VRF or customer. The first part is the configuration of the vrf routing-instance. It seems BGP is yet again the right answer. - BGP neighbor route counts may be wrong. 2 via lt-1/2/0. #route-map RM_ACL_ANY. Main Configuration //create the new VRF and add the RD/RT values to all VRF -- Main only //note the exports and imports that define what CAN be leaked across VRFs vrf definition shared !. To leak route between BGP IPv4 global routing table and any VRF table use this : NOTE : this is only valid for BGP routes in routing table, not for other IGP routes! #access-l 1 perm any. 1437837: The rpd process crash might be observed if leaking multi-pathed BGP routes from routing-instance to another routing table Product-Group=junos. 2 VRF lite 特性应用 图 6 中各路由器的配置如下 CE 的配置: 的配置: # sysname CE # ip vpn-instance MRT route-distinguisher 100:1 vpn-target 100:1 export-extcommunity vpn-target 100:1 import-extcommunity # ip vpn-instance RD route-distinguisher 200:1 vpn. Hello, I have a problem with setting vrf on 6850E. I removed the previous ipv4 unicast map configurations and put in the static route: ip route vrf Computers 0. The following two options relate to the leaking of subnets (routes) from the VRF in which the L3Out & External EPG are configured to another EPG (& VRF). 1 Inter-VRF Local Route Leaking using BGP VPN. BGP routes may be leaked (i. This is especially interesting if you BGP Database. Adding following 2 routes to R2 will do it. 0/24 interface vlan210 ! ip route vrf Tenant03_VRF 192. Inter VRF Route leak Product: Cisco ISR4431/K9, Cisco ISR4321/K9 and Cisco 2901/K9. The link between PE2 and CE2 will be via a VRF routing-instance “red”. , copied) between a unicast VRF RIB and the VPN safi RIB of the default VRF (leaking is also permitted between the unicast RIB of the default VRF and VPN). Separacja ta jest ukryta pod nazwą VRF (Virtual Routing and Forwarding). Some other VRF related utilities you might use is to add a static IP route to a VRF: R1-PE# conf t Enter. Additionally we will be able to mpls. For instance, PE1 exports the route 172. Peer-to-Peer Model Dedicated Router Approach VPN-A PE CE VPN-A VPN-B CE Dedicated router approach expensive to deploy Paris London P Routing Table VPN-A routes (community 111:1) VPN-B routes (community 111:2) VPN-B PE P Router CE VPN-A Brussels VPN-A routes ONLY VPN-B router bgp 111 neighbor 10. 3 update-source Loopback0 ! address-family vpnv4 neighbor 10. In fact, we’ll only use one router. Lesson 7: Configuring BGP as the Routing Protocol Between PE and CE Routers Configure a per-VRF BGP routing context Explain the reason for limiting the number of routes in a VRF Describe how to limit the number of prefixes received from a BGP neighbor Describe how to limit the total number of VRF routes. A method of managing virtual routing forwarding (VRF) tables at a provider edge PE router of a L3 virtual private network (VPN) is provided. If extended communities are used, MPLS VPN may incorrectly use a corrupted route target (RT) to forward traffic. 2/32 is not a BGP route; it is an OSPF route. 3 remot 2345 nei 3. 0 ip os 16 a 0. If your networking hardware supports VRFs (Virtual Routing and Forwarding), you may be able to “split” your router in two, and peer Calico and MetalLB to separate halves of the same router. This vulnerability exists whenever an affected PE device has a BGP session running in the MPLS VPN Virtual Routing and Forwarding (VRF). MP-BGP VPNv4 AF. BGP routes may be leaked (i. On PE2 under BGP VRF ABC address family, add the bgp redistribute-internalcommand. This is especially interesting if you BGP Database. Thereafter for test my scenario I simple remove the INTERNET RT from CUST vrf and leak the default route in CUST vrf instead of vrf INTERNET. 42 redistribute ospf 100 match internal external 1 external 2 neighbor 198. 0, course that is designed to help students prepare for MPLS exam. (Optional) Configure the router to generate a label for each different FEC pointed to by a BGP route in. Let’s see how!. It is a unique number prepended to each route within a VRF to identify it as belonging to that particular VRF or customer. Virtual Chassis, Virtual Router Instance, VPN Instance, NSR, Point to Point Layer 2 VPN x-connect, Layer 3 VPN Full Mesh, Point to Multipoint, Partial Mesh, Firewall Rule, Juniper QoS, MPLS, LDP, Aggregate Interface Layer 2 and Layer 3, BGP, MP-BGP, BFD, Route Leaking, Equal Cost Path Load Balancing, VRF table Label, Multicast solution for VOD.
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